Seizures are hard to deal with. Iíve known several people who had epilepsy. They were always having seizures. The facilities that they lived in sent them to the hospital to be checked out. This was due to an incompetent staff who had no training in how to deal with seizures. This was very costly to the patient and the staff of the facility should be trained in how to deal with seizures.
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Epileptic seizures are classified as partial or generalized. Partial seizures involve part of the brain while generalized seizures involve the whole brain. There are different types of seizures ranging from brief absent moments, to episodes of losing consciousness, falling to the floor and convulsing. Sometimes the causes for a persons epilepsy are known and sometimes they are not known.
This paper will discuss the methods of treatment for several of the more common types of seizures.
The first aid for convulsive seizures previously known as grand mal seizures are as follows:
Note the time
Prevent others from gathering around
Put something soft under the persons head such as a jacket or cardigan-to prevent injury.
Only move the person if they are in a dangerous place, such as in the road or at the top of some stairs. Move things away from them if there is a risk of injury.
Allow the seizure to take its course.
Do not put anything in the personís mouth.
Medical assistance should be sought if the person and only if the person meets the following criteria.
The person has injured themselves badly in a seizure.
Their breathing is labored.
If seizures continue after the initial seizure.
The seizure is far longer than usual.
It is the personís first seizure.
First Aid for seizures other than the grand mal type of seizure are:
Simple partial seizures - The person does not lose consciousness and is not aware of his surroundings. Keep the person safe and comfortable.
Complex partial seizures - With this type of seizure the person becomes confused, wanders around aimlessly and acts as if they do not know what is going on. Do not restrain the person but speak softly to the person and reorient them to their surroundings.
Absence seizures - This type of seizure was previously known as petit mal. In this type of seizure the personís consciousness is interrupted for a moment. Guide them away from danger.
Tonic and atonic seizures - With these two types of seizures the person falls to the ground and recovers quickly with some confusion. Check for injuries and seek medical attention as needed. For the criteria see page two for the facts as to when to seek medical attention.
It is necessary for epileptics to take medicines. These medicines are called anti-epileptics. These medicines are used to prevent seizure. These medicines do prevent seizures but they have side effects. Some of the most common anti-epileptics are Tegretol, Neurontin, Dilantin and Depakote.
If epileptic seizures still continue after starting these medicines, the doctor may start one of the following. These drugs are Febbatol, Topamax, Valium and Heppra. These are just some of the medicines, a doctor can tell you more.
In conclusion, it is very important to follow the orders of the doctors and take the medicines as the doctor prescribes. All of the anti-epileptic medicines have side effects that can be treated. Do not stop taking your medicines without the advice of your doctor.
http://www.epilepsynse.org.uk/inc Date of Access: 4/6/2006
http://www.webmd.com/hw/epilepsy/ca21636.asp Article Title: ďEpilepsy MedicationsĒ - Date of Access: 4/07/2006